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Bruce P. Halpern

S.L. Sage Professor Emeritus

Uris Hall, Room 236

bph1@cornell.edu
607-255-6433

Departments/Programs

  • Neurobiology and Behavior
  • Psychology

Research

My research was primarily in sensory systems, studying chemosensory functions and behaviors. THE FOCUS WAS SMELL IN HUMANS. This research was designed to increase knowledge and understanding of retronasal smelling (smelling odorants that are located in the oral cavity) in relation to orthonasal smelling (smelling odorants that are located near the anterior nares [nostrils]). The term "smelling" is used rather than "olfaction" because odorants can potentially access both the trigeminally-innervated nasal and oral mucosa and the olfactory mucosa of the nasal cavity during normal retronasal or orthonasal presentation of odorants.

Publications

  • High-resolution time-intensity tracking of sustained human orthonasal and retronasal smelling during natural breathing. Lee, J. and Halpern, B. P. Chemosensory Perception 6: 20-35, 2013. doi: 10.1007/s12078-012-9136-6.
  • Shared retronasal Identifications of vapor-phase 18-carbon fatty acids. Chukir, T., Darlington R. B., Halpern, B. P. Chemical Senses, 38 (4) 343-353, 2013 . doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjt005
  • Assessment of low-density polyethylene squeeze bottles in delivering wine vapor-phase stimuli: A preliminary study. Hollis, F. and Halpern, B. P. Journal of Sensory Studies, 27 (5): 414-323, 2012. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-459X.2012.00395.x
  • Oral-cavity discrimination of vapor-phase long-chain 18-carbon fatty acids. Wajid, N. A. and Halpern, B. P. Chemical Senses 37 (7): 595-602, 2012. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjs041 
  • Retronasal discrimination between vapor-phase long-chain, aliphatic fatty acids. Kallas, O. and Halpern, B. P. Chemosensory Perception, 4: 16-24, 2011. doi: 10.1007/s12078-011-9085-5
  • Orthonasal and retronasal but not oral-cavity-only discrimination of vapor-phase fatty acids. Bolton, B. and Halpern, B. P. Chemical Senses, 35 (3), 229-238, 2010. doi:10.1093/chemse/bjq002
  • No Oral-Cavity-Only Discrimination of Purely Olfactory Odorants. Stephenson, D. and Halpern, B. P. Chemical Senses, 34 (2), 121-126, 2009. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjn063 
  • Retronasal olfaction. Halpern, B. P. In: L. R. Squire, Editor-in-Chief, Sensory Systems. Chemical Senses. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Amsterdam: Elsevier Online, pp. 297-304, 2009. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/referenceworks/9780080450469#ancpt1370 
  • Retronasal and oral-cavity-only identification of air-phase trigeminal stimuli. Parikh V, Lee-Lim AP, Halpern BP. Chemosensory Perception, 2 (1), 9-24, 2009. doi: 10.1007/s12078-009-9038-4
  • Retronasal but not oral-cavity-only identification of "purely olfactory" odorants. Chen, V. and Halpern, B. P. Chemical Senses, 33, 107-118, 2008. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjm069 
  • An oral cavity component in retronasal smelling of natural extracts. Dragich, A. M. and Halpern, B. P. Physiology and Behavior, 93 (3), 521-528, 2008. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2007.10.012 
  • Mechanisms and consequences of retronasal smelling: computational fluid dynamic observations and psychophysical measures. Halpern, B. P. ChemoSense, 10 (3), 1-8, 2008. http://www.chemosensory.com/chemosense.htm 
  • Identification of Air-Phase Retronasal and Orthonasal Odorant Pairs. Sun, B. C., and Halpern, B. P. Chemical Senses, 30, 1-14, 2005. doi:10.1093/chemse/bji062 
  • Retronasal and orthonasal smelling. Halpern, B. P. ChemoSense, 6 (3), 1-7. 2004. http://www.chemosensory.com/chemosense.htm
  • When are oral cavity odorants available for retronasal olfaction? Halpern, B. P. In: K. D. Deibler and J. Delwiche, eds., Handbook of Flavor Characterization: Sensory analysis, Chemistry, and Physiology (pp. 51-63). New York: Marcel Dekker, 2004.
  • The effect of microgravity and space flight on the chemical senses. Olabi, A. A., Lawless, H. T., Hunter, J. B., Levitsky, D. A., and Halpern, B. P. Journal of Food Science, 67, 468-478, 2002.
  • Orthonasal and retronasal identification based upon vapor phase input from common substances. Pierce, J., and B. P. Halpern. Chemical Senses, 21, 529-543, 1996.
  • Wajid, N. A. and Halpern, B. P. (2012). Oral-Cavity Discrimination of Vapor-Phase Long-Chain 18-carbon Fatty Acids. Chemical Senses, Advanced access published March 29, 2012. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjs041
  • Kallas, O. and Halpern, B. P. (2011). Retronasal discrimination between vapor-phase long-chain, aliphatic fatty acids. Chemosensory Perception, 4: 16-24. doi: 10.1007/s12078-011-9085-5
  • Bolton, B. and Halpern, B. P. (2010). Orthonasal and retronasal but not oral-cavity-only discrimination of vapor-phase fatty acids. Chemical Senses, 35 (3), 229-238. doi:10.1093/chemse/bjq002
  • Parikh, V., Lee-Lim, A. P,. and Halpern B. P. (2009). Retronasal and oral-cavity-only identification of air-phase trigeminal stimuli. Chemosensory Perception, 2 (1), 9-24.
  • Stephenson, D. and Halpern, B. P. (2009). No oral-cavity-only discrimination of purely olfactory odorants. Chemical Senses, 34 (2), 121-126. DOI: 10.1093/chemse/bjn063  
  • Halpern, B. P. (2008). Retronasal olfaction. In: L. R. Squire, Editor-in-Chief, Sensory Systems. Chemical Senses. Olfaction. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Oxford: Academic Press (on-line), pp. 297-304.
  • Halpern, B. P. (2008). Mechanisms and consequences of retronasal smelling: computational fluid dynamic observations and psychophysical measures. ChemoSense, 10 (3), 1-8.  
  • Dragich, A. M. and Halpern, B. P. (2008). An oral cavity component in retronasal smelling of natural extracts. Physiology and Behavior, 93 (3), 521-528. DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2007.10.012. 
  • Chen, V. and Halpern, B. P. (2008). Retronasal but not oral-cavity-only identification of "purely olfactory" odorants. Chemical Senses, 33, 107-108. DOI:10.1093/chemse/bjm069
  • Sun, B. C., and Halpern, B. P. (2005). Identification of Air-Phase Retronasal and Orthonasal OdorantPairs. Chemical Senses, 30, 1-14. DOI: 10.1093/chemse/bji062
  • Halpern, B. P. (2004). Retronasal and orthonasal smelling. ChemoSense, 6 (3),
  • Halpern, B. P. (2004). When are oral cavity odorants available for retronasal olfaction? In: K. D. Deibler and J. Delwiche, (eds.), Handbook of Flavor Characterization: Sensory, Analysis, Chemistry, and Physiology (pp. 51-63). New York: Marcel Dekker.
  • Olabi, A. A., Lawless, H. T., Hunter, J. B., Levitsky, D. A., and Halpern, B. P. (2002). The effect of microgravity and space flight on the chemical senses. Journal of Food Science, 67, 468-478.
  • Halpern, B.P. (2002). Taste. In: H. Pashler (Ser. Ed.) & S. Yantis (Vol. Ed.), Stevens' handbook of experimental psychology: Vol. 1. Sensation and perception (3rd ed., pp. 653-90). Wiley, NY.